What is the SQ3R method?
The SQ3R method was developed by Francis Pleasant Robinson in 1946. He created the book, Effective Study, for college students, but this method to improve reading can be used by everyone. SQ3R stands for survey, question, read, recite, and review. This method can be used to help you improve overall reading comprehension.
How do I employ the SQ3R method?
The SQ3R method is actually quite simple. Follow these steps to help you understand what you are reading.
Before you read, survey the assignment! Look at the title. What do you think the book or chapter will be about? Flip through the pages and look at the pictures or graphics. What do the pictures tell you about the plot and characters? What do the graphics tell you about the information presented in this chapter? Is there a short summary on the back of the book or at the end of the chapter? Here is a list of things you can survey, or check, before you read an assignment.
- Chapter titles
- Chapter headings
- Charts, graphs, maps
- Vocabulary words, bold or italicized words
- Book or chapter summaries
- Topic sentences
- Introductory and concluding paragraphs
- Questions or study guides given to you by your teacher.
- Make flashcards of key words
- Identify the main ideas and points of the assignment
- Write your own study guide using your questions
- Orally recite the answers to your questions
- Retell the story in your own words
- Summarize the material in your own words
- Create a table of contents highlighting the topics and subtopics
- Develop mnemonic devices to help you remember important material