USA Today Newspaper Praises Provo!


In today's travel section of USA Today, reporter Jayne Clark is happy that Provo, Utah, has more candy shops than bars and that downtown parking is free.  Obviously liking  the people, places and events in Provo, Clark calls the people of Provo "young, out-doorsy, and and religious."  

Here are her recommendations of what to do in Provo:

• Don't miss: Hiking, biking or strolling on paths – both paved and wooded -- in and around Provo. Mount Timpanogos Cave National Monument has guided cavern tours May-September ($7 adults; $5 children). nps.gov For a cultural fix, visit theSpringville Museum of Art just south of Provo. Admission is free. Brigham Young University, which also has several public museums, offers free golf cart tours by arrangement. saas.byu.eduThanksgiving Point in Lehi, which consists of expansive gardens, two museums and a farm area, sponsors events and classes. Admission varies. thanksgivingpoint.org

To read the entire article please click here


Gallup Poll Shows Provo to be Most Likely Place in USA For Learning Something New!


 -- Residents of Provo-Orem, Utah, and Boulder, Colo., are the most likely to report that they learned something new or interesting "yesterday." Provo-Orem has been among the top three cities for daily learning since Gallup and Healthways began tracking the measure in 2008, while Boulder has consistently ranked in the top 10. Provo-Orem and Boulder are home to large colleges and universities, as are many of the communities with high levels of daily learning.
There is a clear connection between large college and university student populations and respondent reports of daily learning. University towns often provide learning opportunities for non-students, such as symposiums, lectures, museums, and active cultural organizations.
In general, Gallup research shows that high levels of learning "yesterday" are one of the factors that set apart communities with high well-being from those with low well-being. University towns have previously been among those with high levels of general well-being. Provo-Orem and Boulder were among the communities with the five highest Well-Being Index scores in 2012-2013, while Charleston, W.Va. was among the lowest. Many communities with higher percentages of residents who are satisfied with their city or area are also locations where residents report learning something new or interesting each day.
High learning levels correspond with overall well-being, as communities with high levels of learning each day are generally among those with the highest well-being, and communities with low levels of daily learning generally have lower well-being scores.
For more details please click here.

The Inexplicable ESL Student.


(Editor's Note:  Our teachers at Nomen Global Language Centers like to share their teaching experiences on our blog.  We hope you enjoy this one -- we certainly did!)
There is a fine line between maintaining discipline in the classroom, especially a Thai classroom, and degenerating into a martinet.  Sometimes an ESL teacher needs more compassion than grammar.
I once substituted for an absent teacher in a Thai school in Chantaburi.  Mathayom 2, if I recall correctly.  They were an okay bunch – no better and no worse than the usual gang of giggling acne cases.  My improvised lesson plan was sailing along rather smoothly when suddenly one of the boys jumped up with a loud whoop and threw his lesson book right out the window.
I gaped at him, as did the rest of the class, as he slowly sat back down – cringing with embarrassment.  I sternly told him he would need to stay after class for a little discussion, to which he humbly acquiesced. 
As soon as class was over I told him to sit still while I visited briefly with the principal to discuss his well-merited fate.  As always, the principal was in a meeting, so I had to cool my heels for a while.  The nerve of that boy, that brat, tossing his lesson book out the window!  He was going to catch it, but good . . .
And then my memory, which likes to play these little tricks, took me back to the summer before fourth grade – to what I and my friends labeled The Burping Game.  This was a great many years ago, back when women wore long white gloves whenever they went out, men always wore a hat and napkin rings were still set with the cutlery for every meal.  It was a very proper era, and I and my wayward friends were determined to destroy it from within.  We had already been debauched by our close reading of MAD Magazine, and we decided that developing the ability to belch -- at will --  would be an invaluable aid in our struggle against respectability.
An overt belch at the dinner table was out of the question – our fathers were not stingy with clouts when it came to disciplining such outrages.  As my own dad was fond of saying, when I had committed some faux pas, he would knock me into the middle of next week if I didn’t straighten up and fly right. 
So we eructated in the alley amongst the garbage cans and clinkers or, when we wanted to be particularly wicked and bold, we would sit on the front porches of our houses and burp right at the girls playing jump rope and hop scotch.  Inevitably they reported these atrocities to some adult, who most often told them, in the vernacular of the day, to mind their own beeswax. 
My friend Randy, a tow-headed boy whose freckles overlapped like cedar shingles, could burp the alphabet, up to “P”.  My other pal, Wayne, who had the only “outie” belly button in our neighborhood, and thus was considered something of an extrovert, had a particularly deep, basso profundo, timbre when he let loose, sending robins shooting from their nests as if from the crack of a rifle.  I, on the other hand, tended to choke on my own attempts.  I worked all summer on my watery burps, with little improvement.
By the time school started in September I was still far behind my companions when it came to expelling gas from my stomach.  I considered it a terrible disgrace and vowed to do something about it.  Our fourth grade teacher, Mrs. Kausenbaum, was a jovial old soul who had taught since the Civil War.  She ran a tight ship, brooking no capers from her dull scholars.
One morning before walking the one block to school I sat brooding in the kitchen over my emasculating weakness in the area of belching.  Then it struck me.  I rummaged in the cupboard until I found the vinegar and a box of baking soda.  How many times had I created a fizzing, foaming volcano from these two items?  If I mixed them quickly and drank the potion I was sure to be able to deliver a burp heard round the world that would make Randy and Wayne sick with envy!  The thought was barely formed before I had tossed off a round glass of the noxious brew.  I immediately regretted it.  Quick thinking, I now realized, gets more people killed than slow deliberation.  Still, I was primed – so I sought out my pals for what I hoped would be a very public exhibition in the playground.
My stomach was swollen to the size of a beach ball, but I discovered I did not have command over the release of even one molecule of gas.  I pounded my chest and jumped up and down, all to no immediate effect.
The bell rang.  We lined up and marched in to class.  I could barely squeeze into my seat.  Mrs. Kausenbaum was well into our penmanship lesson when I finally, involuntarily, gave vent to a terrific blast – one that rattled the windows and, I believe, caused Mrs. Kausenbaum’s dentures to nearly come loose in her mouth.
She had me by the ear in a trice and led me to her desk, where we had the following brief, and, to her, cryptic, conversation.
“What in the world made you do such a thing, Timmy?”
“I swallowed vinegar and baking soda this morning.”
“Why would you . . . oh, never mind.   Are you going to be ill?”
“No ma’am.”
“Then go back to your seat!”
It all made perfect sense to me, but to Mrs. Kausenbaum it never would.  So she simply shrugged it off and continued on with our cursive writing lesson.  As a public grade school teacher, she had learned to accept the inexplicable and incomprehensible when it came to her pupils.  They made about as much sense sometimes as a Martian would if one landed out on the playground.
And I loved her for that.  I can still summon a blush when I think of that episode; any punishment she might have added would have been completely superfluous.
And so, when the principal finally came out to ask what I wanted I told her it was nothing, nothing at all.  I went back to the classroom and told my puzzled pupil he could go.  “May pen rai”.  It would not be mentioned again.
To this day I have no idea what caused his outburst.  Nor do I care.
Such is the wisdom of the East, which I have come to respect.  Look not for explanations; look, instead, for your next meal. 

Some People Like Their Picture Took . . .


Some people like their pictures took; some people like it less.
And babies do not care at all, unless they’re in a dress.
Some will pose like statuettes and some will cross their eyes.
(And men will unselfconsciously reach down to check their flies.)

I guess there’s repercussions from the mobile phones that snap
A picture of ‘most anything, including brown dog crap.
You never know when you’ve been caught on digital devices
Picking at your nostrils or just sucking lemon slices.

And what about these ‘selfies’ that are posted ev’rywhere?
Has modesty and all good taste dissolved into thin air?
You’ll never catch me doing it, T-Mobile notwithstanding;
I’d rather feel the red hot poke of a cattle branding!

And who now gets their portrait done in oils, on canvass painted?
No one, outside dictators and those the Pope has sainted.
Where will it end, this photo binge that puts you in my face?
Even homely guys like me won’t vanish without trace!

What Can We Do in Provo? A Short List.




  • Free music concert the first Friday of every month, May through October, On top of the Provo Town Square parking terrace, (right behind Central Bank and East of the Marriott) . The structure is located at the corner of 100 West and 100 North in Provo, Utah, your favorite town.  It's FREE, and starts at 7:30pm.  For more info click here.
  • Go fishing for trout on the Provo River or at Utah Lake, year-round.  For more info click here. 
  • Food to Go!  The Food Truck Round-up is every Thursday, at The Startup Building (560S 100W), from 5 to 9pm.  You can sample everything from Sweeto Burritos to Chicken Lumphang, all served fresh from a truck!  For more info click here
  • The Provo Farmer's Market will be starting again the first week of June.  They feature inexpensive and organic fruits, vegetables, honey, bakery good, and homemade handicrafts.  For more information please click here
Check back frequently here on our blogsite for more updates on fun things to do in Provo!

Provo, Utah, Voted Nicest City in the USA by Living Social website!



Conventional wisdom talks about Southern hospitality and Midwestern charm, and we wanted to put that notion to the test — what really are the nicest and most thoughtful cities in the United States?
To answer that question, we looked at the more than 4.5 million LivingSocial deals and Escapes that were given as gifts over the past six months to see which cities have people that think more about others rather then themselves. (What a concept!)
To keep it fair and make sure the largest cities didn’t run away with it, we used the number of gifts as a percentage of total deals bought in each market to determine the nicest and most generous cities.
Our findings? Utah shines, with two of the three most thoughtful cities.  Provo is Number One, and Ogden is Number Three!
For more information, go here.

BYU Nominated for Powerhouse Entrepreneurship Courses!




The ‘Magic’ of Provo
John Curtis, mayor of the top-ranked place on our list, Provo, UT, said people are moving to his city to be part of “the magic that we’re experiencing here.”
“Our city was founded on the entrepreneurial spirit, and it’s still present,” Curtis  told The SpareFoot Blog. “The citizens are motivated by improving the quality of life for themselves along with others around the world.”
Curtis said people outside Provo don’t realize it’s the “polyglot” capital of the world, “meaning we have more people that speak more languages in one city than any other.” 
“Most of our residents have spent time in other places and have a deep sense of stewardship in making life as enjoyable as possible,” the mayor said. “It’s the same reason we are first in volunteerism and rate the highest in well-being.”
Six Hot Startup Hubs With Provo leading the way, here is SpareFoot’s list of America’s Six Fastest-Growing On-the-Rise Startup Hubs.
1. Provo, UT
One-year population growth: 2.2 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 550,230
July 31, 2013, population: 562,239
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $30.7 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 9
Major university: Brigham Young University
2. Fort Collins, Co
3.  Boulder, CO
4.  Santa Barbra, CA
5.  Lawrence, KS
6. Madison, WI

The ‘Magic’ of Provo!


In the startup world, places like Silicon Valley and New York City are sharks in a pond full of smaller fish. Yet despite being dwarfed by the sharks, many of the smaller fish are swimming along just fine.
“From Silicon Valley in California to Silicon Alley in New York, it may seem that those areas have cornered the market on tech genius, but don’t be fooled,” Entrepreneur.com reported in 2012. “The Internet is decentralizing business, allowing entrepreneurs to build smart, lean businesses in far-flung places.”
On the Rise
SpareFoot went fishing to find out which of these “far-flung places” are rocking the boat. We wound up netting a list of America’s Six Fastest-Growing On-the-Rise Startup Hubs.
To be considered for our list, a metro area had to:
  • Have a population of less than 1 million as of July 31, 2013.
  • Be among the top 20 metro areas for venture capital activity per 100,000 residents in 2012, as ranked by the Martin Prosperity Institute.
  • Post one-year population growth of at least 1 percent from 2012 to 2013, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau.
All six of the metro areas on our list are home to major universities. Furthermore, three of the areas on our list recently ranked among the top 10 areas in the U.S. for overall well-being of residents, according to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index.
We often publish lists that highlight places where people might want to move, such as the six startup hubs on this list.
The ‘Magic’ of Provo
John Curtis, mayor of the top-ranked place on our list, Provo, UT, said people are moving to his city to be part of “the magic that we’re experiencing here.”
“Our city was founded on the entrepreneurial spirit, and it’s still present,” Curtis  told The SpareFoot Blog. “The citizens are motivated by improving the quality of life for themselves along with others around the world.”
Curtis said people outside Provo don’t realize it’s the “polyglot” capital of the world, “meaning we have more people that speak more languages in one city than any other.” That stems, in part, from the presence of Mormon-backed Brigham Young University; many students there take two-year breaks from their studies to serve as Mormon missionaries around the world.
“Most of our residents have spent time in other places and have a deep sense of stewardship in making life as enjoyable as possible,” the mayor said. “It’s the same reason we are first in volunteerism and rate the highest in well-being.”
Six Hot Startup HubsWith Provo leading the way, here is SpareFoot’s list of America’s Six Fastest-Growing On-the-Rise Startup Hubs.
1. Provo, UT
One-year population growth: 2.2 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 550,230
July 31, 2013, population: 562,239
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $30.7 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 9
Major university: Brigham Young University
2. Fort Collins, CO 
One-year population growth: 1.7 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 310,686
July 31, 2013, population: 315,988
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $15.9 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 14
Major university: Colorado State University
3. Boulder, CO 
One-year population growth: 1.6 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 305,297
July 31, 2013, population: 310,048
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $86.9 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 3
Major university: University of Colorado
4. Santa Barbara, CA
One-year population growth: 1.2 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 430,426
July 31, 2013, population: 435,697
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $59.1 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 5
Major university: University of California, Santa Barbara
5. Lawrence, KS
One-year population growth: 1.1 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 113,043
July 31, 2013, population: 114,322
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $40.8 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 6
Major university: University of Kansas
6. Madison, WI 
One-year population growth: 1.1 percent
July 31, 2012, population: 620,740
July 31, 2013, population: 627,431
Amount of venture capital per 100,000 residents: $11.5 million
Ranking for venture capital per 100,000 residents: No. 20
Major university: University of Wisconsin
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Martin Prosperity Institute 

Pham The, Our Valiant Vietnamese Valedictorian.


18-year old Pham The will be leaving Nomen Global Language Center, here in Provo, Utah, next month in May for the adventure of a lifetime.  He will be serving for two years as an LDS missionary in the Anaheim, California, Mission.
Pham The grew up in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, where his parents worked in the pharmaceutical business and then went into real estate.  He came to the United States two years ago to begin learning English so he could attend college in the United States and improve his career prospects in his home country.  While staying with his sister in Houston, Texas, he decided to embrace the LDS faith, and then decided he would attempt to enter Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah.  He moved here about a year ago, but was unable to enter BYU immediately, and so decided to attend Nomen Global to polish his English skills. 
Deciding three months ago that he wanted to serve a mission, he spoke to his Bishop, and, just last week, he was given his assignment to Anaheim, California.
Needless to say, The (as he likes to be called) is very excited about his upcoming change of scenery and lifestyle.  In the meantime he will continue with his ESL studies at Nomen Global, and, in his spare time, he will continue to play his favorite Starcraft computer games.  When he returns from his proselyting, he hope to be able to enter BYU at last. 

We wish him Godspeed and good luck!

You CAN Transfer Schools With NO Problem, When You Deal With Nomen Global Language Centers!


5 Facts for International Students on F1 Visas in the U.S
The F1 visa category is reserved for academic students enrolled in colleges, universities, high schools, language training programs, and other academic institutions. The first step for a prospective student is being accepted for enrollment in an established school (University/College) which is SEVP certified. 
Nomen Global Language Centers created this list of the most common questions from and for international students on rules and regulations regarding the F1 student visa:
What are the requirements for F1 student visas?
§  You must be attending an academic institution or a language-training program;
§  You must be enrolled as a full-time student;
§  The school must be approved by the USICE (U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement) to accept foreign students;
§  You must show sufficient financial support to complete the study;
§  You must prove that you do not intend to abandon your foreign residency.
Can I travel outside the US?
Yes.  You may return to the US after an absence of no more than five months. You must have a new F1 visa if your original one has expired. Have your designated school official sign your I-20 before leaving the US.

Can I transfer to a different school?

Yes, absolutely! It is extremely easy.  It is your legal right to change schools for any reason you wish, or for NO reason at all!  You must notify your current school and work with the designated school official (DSO) to transfer your SEVIS record.  They cannot withhold your SEVIS record from you and your new school for ANY reason! You also need to obtain a new I-20 from your new school, and give the completed I-20 to your new DSO within 15 days of transfer date.  Call Nomen Global Language Centers for the latest information on this important subject, at 801-377-3223.
Can I work in the U.S.?
F-1 visas are intended to enable foreign students to study in the U.S., hence, there are strict work restrictions. Students with F-1 visas are generally allowed to work on the campus of the university at which they study for up to 20 hours a week. There are also two training programs that F-1 students can get permission to work under.  F1 students should always seek advice from the DSO (or foreign student advisor) before seeking employment in the United States.

How long can I stay in the U.S. with a F1 visa?

When you enter the US, an immigration officer at the port of entry will issue you an I-94 card that indicates your non-immigrant status (F1) and your authorized stay. It is typically “Duration of Status” or “D/S” on a student’s I-94 card, meaning that you may remain in the U.S. as long as you are enrolled in the school to complete your academic program. After the program ends you will have 60 days to depart the U.S. 

Meet Jessica Hercules, a Veteran Teacher at Nomen Global!

Jessica Hercules and her husband Pete.

Jessica Hercules is a perky brunette, who enjoys teaching English as a Second Language.  Prior to starting work at Nomen Global Language Centers at the beginning of 2013, she was a student at Utah State in Logan, Utah, where she majored in Second Language Teaching.
She is originally from Provo, Utah, and lived most of her life in Sandy, Utah, which is the sixth largest city in the state of Utah.  Sandy is home to the Rio Tinto Stadium, the only soccer-specific stadium in Utah.  Jessica is not only a big fan of soccer, but an even bigger fan and participant in women’s lacrosse, a team sport originally played by the Iroquois Native Americans.  She currently coaches a girl’s lacrosse team in Provo.
Her husband, Pete Busche, is a former anthropology major at Brigham Young University, and is currently studying for his Masters in Public Administration at the University of Utah.  They plan on staying in the area after he graduates; he will work in local government while Jessica continues with teaching English as a second language.
One of the things Jessica enjoys most about teaching English is observing the students making progress in the language and watching where they take their knowledge of English.  She is currently teaching students at Nomen Global Grammar 2, Critical Reading, and Current Events. 

Her favorite word in the entire English language is “onomatopoeia”. (Don't worry, we had to look it up too!) 

Meet Our Middle Eastern Specialist, Makram Ibrahim.

Makram Ayad Yacoub Ibrahim was born and raised in Bani Suef, Egypt.  Before coming to work at Nomen Global Language Centers, in Provo, Utah, he studied English at Brigham Young University. 
His family are Coptic Christians, who now live in Cairo, Egypt.
The Coptic Christians are the largest Christian community in the Middle East.  They account for approximately ten percent of the Egyptian population.  Egypt has over 86 million inhabitants.  Egypt has one of the longest continual histories of any modern state, going back over three thousand years.  Most of the citizens of Egypt still live within close proximity of the Nile River.
Makram currently works as Nomen Global’s specialist for Middle Eastern and European students. He started with Nomen Global Language Center in January of 2014.  He enjoys working at Nomen Global because he meets many students from different countries.  He says it is fun to watch them and help them learn English.  Our many Middle Eastern students find Makram always willing to help them find lodging and help them work things out when their English language skills are stretched to the limit. 
Makram enjoys playing soccer, swimming, and jogging.

His favorite phrase in English is “Show them what you got!” 

55 Countries Use English as Their Official Language.



English is spoken as an official language in 55 countries around the world, outside of North America.  Here is the breakdown:

                                      Asia:  8 countries.                  

Sri Lanka,
 Malaysia,
 Israel
 Brunei
 Singapore
 Philippines
 Pakistan
 India

                               Africa:  23 countries.

Zimbabwe
 Zambia
 Uganda
 Tanzania
 Swaziland
 Sudan
 South Sudan
 South Africa
 Somaliland
 Sierra Leone
 Seychelles
 Rwanda
 Nigeria
 Namibia
 Mauritius
 Malawi
 Liberia
 Lesotho
 Kenya
 Ghana
 Gambia
 Eritrea
 Cameroon
 Botswana

                                            Caribbean: 10 countries.

 Trinidad and Tobago
  Saint Vincent
  Saint Lucia
  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  Jamaica
  Grenada
  Dominica
  Belize
  Barbados
  Bahamas
  Antigua and Barbuda  

                                                 Oceania:  16 countries.

Australia
  Tuvalu
  Tonga
  Solomons
  Samoa
  Papua
  Palau
  Niue
  New Zealand
  Nauru
  Marshalls
  Kiribati
  Fiji
  Cook Islands

                                             Europe:  2 countries.

United Kingdom
 Ireland

                                        South America:  1 country.

Guyana


And . . . 
There are an additional 27 territories and colonies where English is also considered the official language for government and business.  

You can truly travel the world and be understood everywhere, if you speak English!

Student Safety Comes First!


"Reach For The Sky!"

Media sources often portray the United States of America as a  place where there is a lot of crime..  While there are certain tiny sections of the country that are prone to high crime and violence rates, most of the United States is extremely peaceful and law-abiding.  The stories of a “Wild West” mindset throughout America are just fairy tales and malicious gossip. 

"As Snug As A Bug In A Rug!

Especially peaceful and safe is the small city of Provo, Utah.  Nomen Global Language Centers chose to locate its headquarters and school in Provo precisely because it is such a stable and quiet area of the country.  According to the website Neighborhood Scout the chances of becoming a victim of a crime in Provo are 1 in 769, while the chances of becoming a crime victim in the state of Utah are 1 in 486.  Nationally, the average is 1 in 239. 
No murders were reported in Provo for the entire year of 2013. 

Crooks NOT Welcome!

The traffic flow is stable, and road rage incidents are few and far between.  Public transportation is very convenient, and there is virtually no crime reported on buses or trains in the entire Utah Valley.  Compare that with New York City, where a crime is committed on the subway every 89 minutes! 
The Provo police force is known nationally for its professionalism and dedication to crime prevention.  Men are women are perfectly safe walking in any neighborhood, at any time of the day or night.
There are no slums or ghettos in Provo, Utah.

No Safer Place For Foreign Students In America.

The bottom line is you cannot find a safer, friendlier town in the United States of America than Provo, Utah.

Our students here never feel threatened or afraid.  We are very proud of our record of safety in the 15 years we have been in business.

Nomen Global Says Good-Bye to Phongphanich Rujirattanalai.



Nomen Global Language Centers is saying “good-bye” to one of its most popular students, Phongphanich Rujirattanalai, from Thailand.  His nickname is Min, and he has been a great asset to the morale and the work of the school, as well as being an outstanding student.  Min has been a big help in the Social Media Department for the school, translating our blogs and tweets into Thai.  He will be leaving us at the end of this week to return to Thailand for a few months before resuming his studies in the United States.
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy, headed by King Rama IX of the Chakri dynasty.  Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is the 51st largest country in the world by land mass, at over 198-thousand square miles, and is currently ranked as the 20th most populous country with over 64 million people currently residing within its borders.  The capital is Bangkok and the main religion is Buddhism, although all other main religions are represented in Thailand, and under the protection of the King.
Min has enjoyed his time at Nomen Global Language Centers, and says his teachers have done a superb job of helping him polish his English language skills.  He has also greatly enjoyed his extracurricular activities, such as soccer.
We wish Phongphanich Rujirattanalai “Chog Dee” (good luck) on his trip home and look forward to seeing him again soon!  

How to Use Contractions in English.


English can be a very lazy language.  It doesn't like to use two words when one will do.  That is why there are so many contractions; it saves wear and tear on the tongue!  Most contractions, once the principle is understood, are easy to comprehend.  We've made the following list to help you use contractions correctly.  Remember, if in doubt, don't contract!



Short FormLong Form
I'mI am
I'veI have
I'llI will / I shall
I'dI had / I would / I should
You'reYou are
You'veYou have
You'llYou will
You'dYou had / You would
He'sHe has / He is
He'llHe will
He'dHe had / He would
She'sShe has / She is
She'llShe will
She'dShe had / She would
It'sIt has / It is
It'llIt will
We'reWe are
We'veWe have
We'llWe will
We'dWe had / We would
They'reThey are
They'veThey have
They'llThey will
They'dThey had / They would


Negative Contractions:

Negative contractions are very common, and should be memorized, since they don't always follow standard English grammatical or spelling usage.  


Short FormLong Form
aren'tare not
can'tcannot, can not
couldn'tcould not
daren'tdare not
didn'tdid not
doesn'tdoes not
don'tdo not
hasn'thas not
haven'thave not
hadn'thad not
isn'tis not
mayn'tmay not
mightn'tmight not
mustn'tmust not
needn'tneed not
oughtn'tought not
shan'tshall not
shouldn'tshould not
wasn'twas not
weren'twere not
won'twill not
wouldn'twould not



Other Contractions:
These include less familiar usages, and are the ones that foreign language speakers usually find most difficult to adapt to using.  


Short FormLong FormExample
here'shere isHere's your meal.
there'llthere willThere'll be nobody tomorrow.
there'sthere isThere's a taxi!
that'sthat isThat's my car!
that'llthat willThat'll be $10, please.
how'show is?How's your wife?
what'llwhat will?What'll people think?
when'swhen is?When's the wedding?
where'swhere is?Where is the cinema?
who'swho is?Who's your teacher?
what'swhat is?What's the matter?
who'dwho would?Who'd like ice-cream?
who'llwho will?Who'll be there?